What Is A Sump Pump?
A sump pump is an electric pumping device used to remove excess water from your home. Most sump pumps are installed in a pit or basin in the basement or crawl space of the home. The sump pump keeps the basement or crawl space dry by moving the water out of the pit and through a pipe and away from your home.
Sump pump types include submersible and pedestal and include a variety of features. A submersible sump pump sits below the surface of the floor, while a pedestal one stays above the floor.
One feature of a sump pump is that it may be manual or automatic. Manual sump pumps contain a switch that you flip, while automatic sump pumps have a switch that is activated by the pressure and depth of the water.
Video Of Fully Functional Sump Pump Installation.
How Do Sump Pumps Work?
An automatic sump pump works when water flows into the sump pump pit and the pressure on the sensor increases, activating the sump pump. The pump contains an impeller, or fan, that moves water out of the pit once the sensor is activated. The impeller pushes water away, opening a void near the impeller that more water moves into and fills. Using centrifugal force, water is moved out through the pipe in the basin. As the water leaves, a check valve keeps the water from returning.
Many sump pumps run on electricity. Since the sump pump is always in water or very near water, the outlet should have a ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI). A battery back-up is highly recommended because storms often cause the power to be disrupted. A battery-powered back-up will automatically begin to operate when the pit fills with water.
Liberty Pumps SumpJet Installation From Ideal Basement Waterproofing
The Liberty Pumps SumpJet SJ10 is a water-powered, sump-pump back-up system that will protect your basement in the case of a power outage. The SumpJet is fully automatic, arrives completely assembled and works in conjunction with your main sump pump.
Sump Pump Features:
- Adjustable stainless hose clamp for easy mounting
- Removes 2 gallons of water for each 1 gallon used (based on 5′ lift)
- Fully assembled, compact design
- Built-in screen with removable foot valve
- Constructed of durable PVC
How Do You Know If You Need A Sump Pump?
You need a sump pump if you experience any of the following situations:
- Your basement has flooded in the past;
- You live in a low-lying area with standing water; and/or
- You store expensive or heirloom items in your basement.
In New Jersey, heavy rains and snows create opportunities for flooding. You want to be ready before this happens. Installing a sump pump will help prevent flooding or standing water in your basement, preventing costly repairs to your basement walls or floor or the items you’ve stored. Sump pumps typically last for 10 years, so you will need to replace yours periodically.
Causes Of Sump Pump Failure
The last thing you need to worry about is whether your sump pump will work if your home floods. At Ideal Basement Waterproofing, we know that prevention is key, and we offer tips on ways to maintain your sump pump and keep it working for as long as possible.
Here are four of the most likely reasons your sump pump might fail and solutions for each circumstance.
- Power Failure: This is the most common cause of sump pump failure. You can solve this problem one of two ways: purchase a backup generator or a sump pump battery backup. In addition, a power surge can damage some components of the sump pump. Add a surge protection device to the service entrance to protect your sump pump’s electrical system.
- Incorrect Size or Installation: If your sump pump is the wrong size, it will be forced to work harder, which will shorten its lifespan. When a sump pump is installed, the manufacturer’s directions must be followed precisely to prevent severe water damage later. At Ideal Basement Waterproofing, our experts can recommend the proper size sump pump for your home and install it correctly.
- Switch Problems: A problem with the switch is the leading mechanical cause of sump pump failure. This is a common problem because the float switch gets used more than other parts on the sump pump and therefore wears out faster.
- Lack Of Maintenance: Maintenance is the key to preventing sump pump failure. Experts recommend that you perform maintenance on your sump pump every two to three months or at least once a year. Run a vinegar solution through the sump pump to clean it, and examine the discharge line’s airhole to ensure it is not clogged. Cords can get wrapped around the float switch, so check to make sure it is not restricted in any way.
These simple steps will help extend the life of your sump pump. If you need a sump pump installed or maintenance performed, contact our expert team at Ideal Basement Waterproofing today.
Adding Your Sump Pump To Your Homeowners Insurance Policy
At Ideal Basement Waterproofing, we know your sump pump is the first line of defense against water damage caused by a natural disaster or broken or leaking pipes. You may be wondering if your homeowners insurance policy will cover the cost of the water damage if your sump pump breaks or fails. The answer is usually no, but it’s easy to remedy that by adding an endorsement to your policy. This endorsement can typically be purchased at a low cost, but the peace of mind it provides is priceless.
An endorsement covers any water damage to your home as well as any items that are damaged or destroyed and the cost of cleaning up. However, the repair of the sump pump that malfunctioned is not covered by this endorsement. Instead, you will need an additional endorsement called an Equipment Breakdown Endorsement.
Homeowners in New Jersey are especially vulnerable to sump pump failure in the spring when snow melts and heavy rains fall. Less than one inch of water can cause thousands of dollars in damage, so an endorsement is a wise investment.
Contact an insurance agent you trust to provide an assessment of your exposure and make coverage recommendations. If you have additional questions about sump pump failure, call us at (908) 969-8106.
Sump Pump Replacement in New Jersey
The best time to replace your sump pump is before it fails. If the pump in your basement isn’t turning on, or you notice a mold or mildew smell, it may be time to replace the unit. Additionally, if the pump is more than ten years old, the typical lifespan of these devices, it may need to be replaced. If your previous sump pump was effective before breaking down, the most efficient solution is to replace it with a similar model.
A submersible sump pump is placed in a hole cut into the floor of your basement or crawlspace as part of an interior French drain system. As water around the pump rises to a set level, it will activate and flush water out through piping that runs outside and away from the house. The pump’s motor is in a waterproof, sealed housing.
Pedestal pumps put the motor on a stand above the water, and only the impeller is down in the pit. Because the motor stays relatively dry, pedestal pumps are generally expected to last longer.
At Ideal Basement Waterproofing, we will install the type of sump pump best for your home. We also clean debris out of sump pumps and service them so that you receive more years of service from your sump pump. If the foundation of your home or basement has already been compromised by water damage, Ideal Basement Waterproofing also provides crack and foundation repair services. Let our experienced team help you today!
Sump Pump Installation And Repair